"Music is a human expression. We communicate with music much like we do with language. Like the way we talk, music has tones, rhythms, and speed. Music also communicates on an emotional level. It can change the way we feel." |
[ from: The National Music Education Site ]
Music is sound that has been turned into art.
Its technology is its instruments, including
traditional wind, string, and percussion instruments.
Timelines of Native American History
, "No matter where they lived or what cultural heritage they followed, Native Americans used musical instruments to accompany their chants and songs. From animal hides and hollowed logs they made drums, from gourds they made rattles. From bird bones they made whistles and flutes."
Modern technologies like electronic and keyboard instruments have now replaced these ancient technologies.
For the complete list for music instruments defined by the General Midi music standard, see our listing of
General Midi Instruments.
The Craft of Musical Communication defines
Musical Communication as the "craft of handling musical material by technical means to touch the soul, raise the spirits, elevate the minds, and deeply move listeners." In other words, music is communication of emotion and as such must communicate; it is easily recognized by most listeners as distinct from nonsensical noise because music has meaning. The book Musical Communication (below) examines how music can be used to communicate as well as the cultural processes which underlie such communication: The book looks at all aspects of communication, from the use of music in advertising to its powerful physical effects.
As a communication medium today, music is dominant on its own or as a supporting media for other types. Currently, standalone communication roles include expression, entertainment, and therapy. Historically, however,
that dominance was not always the case.
According to chandrakantha.com, "The music of India is said to be one of the oldest unbroken musical traditions in the world. It is said that the origins of this system go back to the Vedas (ancient scripts of the Hindus). Many different legends have grown up concerning the origins and development of Indian classical music. Such legends go a long way in showing the importance that music has in defining Indian culture. The present system of Indian music is based upon two important pillars: rag and tal. Rag is the melodic form while tal is the rhythmic."
Native American Indian music is the oldest music of North America and remains
popular today. According to Everyday Life Among the American Indians (below), "Songs served as prayer for most Indians, and songs were part of daily activities, rituals, and ceremonies. Indian people had songs for birth, death, puberty, marriage, and every other life stage, and the songs often included animal sounds or bird calls. Their music included spirit songs and dances, medicine songs and dances, and those involved with ceremonies or social situations. Songs were considered personal property, therefore, they could not be bought or sold. Though lullabies or work songs seldom had instrumental accompaniment, most other songs included instrumentation, ranging from sounds made by clappers, rattles made of such items as deer hooves, pottery, turtle shells and gourds, to whistles made of bones. Two instruments, the musical bow and the flute, provided music without the need for Native American singing."
Native American music is currently represented in a traditional format dominated by
vocalization (single and group song) and percussion (drums and rattles).
The drums and flute are popular instruments of modern Native American times.
Most Native American singers perform using their native languages, but some popular artists offer traditional melodies in different languages. The American Indian Christmas album includes many traditional Christmas carols sung by Oneida artist
Jana Mashonee, including
- Joy To The World (Apache)
- O Holy Night (Navajo)
- Hark the Herald Angels Sing (Lakota)
- What Child Is This (Cherokee)
- Winter Wonderland (Ojibwe)
- Little Drummer Boy (Pueblo)
- Silent Night (Arapaho
Wiki, "Native American music plays a vital role in history and education, with ceremonies and stories orally passing on ancestral customs to new generations. Native American ceremonial music is traditionally said to originate from deities or spirits, or from particularly respected individuals.Native Americans perform stories through song, music and dance, and the historical facts thus propagated are an integral part of Native American beliefs. Epic legends and stories about culture heroes are a part of tribal music traditions, and these tales are often an iconic part of local culture. They can vary slightly from year to year, with leaders recombining and introducing slight variations"